Yoichi Nakanishi started his career as a pulmonologist at the Kyushu University Hospital after he graduated from Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Japan in 1980. In 1985 he moved to Department of Internal Medicine, Saga Medical School as a lecturer, and underwent training of lung cancer biology from 1986 to 1988 at the NCI/Navy Medical Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, USA. In 1990 he moved to Kyushu University, started studies on molecular biology of lung cancer, and received Ph.D. In 2003, he became a professor of the Department of Respiratory Medicine at the Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, director of the Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, and a chief of the Center for Clinical and Translational Research, Kyushu University Hospital. His interest is molecular biology of lung cancer, clinical trials and translational research. He is a vice director of Kyushu University Hospital, a former chief director and conference president of Japan Lung Cancer Society, a former president of Japan Respiratory Society, a chairman of ARO Council, a conference president of Japan Society of Medical Oncology, and a former president of West Japan Oncology Group. He received Shinoi-Kawai Award from the Japan Lung Cancer Society and Ikeda-Dodai Award at the World Congress of Bronchology and in 2000, Kyushu University Research Activity Award in 2008, 2010 to 2015, and Michiyoshi Harasawa Research Award from Asia Pacific Society of Respirology in 2012.